Often asked: How Do Motors Work Khan Academy?

How does a motor work simple explanation?

The basic idea of an electric motor is really simple: you put electricity into it at one end and an axle (metal rod) rotates at the other end giving you the power to drive a machine of some kind. When an electric current starts to creep along a wire, it creates a magnetic field all around it.

How does a motor work physics?

An electric motor converts electrical energy into physical movement. Electric motors generate magnetic fields with electric current through a coil. The magnetic field then causes a force with a magnet that causes movement or spinning that runs the motor.

How does a motor work?

How do motors work? Electric motors work by converting electrical energy to mechanical energy in order to create motion. Force is generated within the motor through the interaction between a magnetic field and winding alternating (AC) or direct (DC) current.

How does a motor spin?

Electric motors turn electricity into motion by exploiting electromagnetic induction. A simple direct current (DC) motor is illustrated below. The motor features a permanent horseshoe magnet (called the stator because it’s fixed in place) and an turning coil of wire called an armature (or rotor, because it rotates).

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What is the principle of motor?

The electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effects of current. Its principle is when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it, the coil rotates as a result of the forces acting on the coil.

What are 3 types of motor controls?

There are mainly there are three types of motor control circuits:

  • Direct On Line Starter (DOL starter)
  • Star Delta Starter.
  • Auto Transformer Starter.

How is an electric generator like an electric motor in reverse?

A generator converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, while a motor does the opposite – it converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. What’s reversed is the flow of electricity, not the activity of the machine itself.

What is the motor effect?

A current-carrying wire or coil can exert a force on a permanent magnet. This is called the motor effect. The wire could also exert a force on another nearby current-carrying wire or coil. The force increases if the strength of the magnetic field and/or current increases.

How do I know if a motor is AC or DC?

Look for the stator core construction and rotor. If there is no commutator, then it is a AC motor. If there is a commutator and brushes, it may be either a DC motor or an AC commutator motor (Universal motor).

What are the six parts of a simple motor?

These six components include:

  • 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor.
  • 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis.
  • 4) The Windings.
  • 5) The Air Gap.
  • 6) The Commutator.
  • What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
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Can a motor generate electricity?

You can use just about any motor to generate electric current, if it is wired correctly and you follow specific rules for its use. Modern AC induction motors are quite simple to wire as alternating current generators, and most will begin generating electricity the first time you use them.

Why do DC motors spin?

When the motor is powered by DC current, a magnetic field is created within the stator, attracting and repelling the magnets on the rotor. This causes the rotor to start rotating. To keep the rotor rotating, the motor has a commutator.

How can a motor spin fast?

One easy way to make the motor run faster is to add another magnet. Hold a magnet over the top of the motor while it is running. As you move the magnet closer to the spinning coil, one of two things will happen. Either the motor will stop, or it will run faster.

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